OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY ASSESSMENT
The purpose of Occupational Therapy is to enable patients to perform those daily occupations they find useful or meaningful in their environment.
Through a semi-structured interview with the patient, all areas of function are assessed:
- Self care: dressing, grooming, hygiene, sleeping, eating, homemaking, transportation, money management, etc.
- Productivity: schooling, employment, volunteer work, etc.
- Leisure: areas of interest and participation, etc.
Components of the patient's mental, physical and psychosocial performance are also assessed at this time.
The initial assessment assists in planning inclusion of the patient in the RAP group intervention (see under Psychosocial Interventions).
Following the initial interview, depending on the patient's needs, a number of options are utilized in terms of individual intervention
- Functional assessment: to identify the performance components contributing to the patient's dysfunction through activity analysis, eg., making a meal, taking a bus, etc.
- Home assessment: to determine how the patient's home environment contributes to his/her function and/or dysfunction.
- Standardized assessment: to gain qualitative and quantitative data regarding the patient's current level of function, eg., Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM), Cognitive Competency Test (CCT).
In addition, the occupational therapist assists in the following areas in collaboration with the patient's case manager.
- Community resources: to facilitate access to resources in the community, eg., Employment agencies, support groups, recreational facilities, etc.
- Skill building: to aid in the development of skills relating to daily functioning, eg., social skills, money management, homemaking, interview skills, etc.
- Psycho-education: to address relevant issues with the patient, eg., stress management, self-esteem, nutrition, etc.